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Mount in Indonesia

Triggers Tsunami Warning in Indo’sia

Eruption of Mount Ruang Raises Concerns in North Sulawesi

The eruption of Mount Ruang in Indonesia’s North Sulawesi province has prompted a tsunami warning and led to the evacuation of hundreds of residents. The volcano erupted multiple times, releasing a large plume of smoke over a mile high.

Mount Bromo volcano Gunung Bromo during sunrise Bromo Indonesia.

Details of Mount Ruang’s Eruption

Mount Ruang, a well-known stratovolcano, began its recent activity at 9:45 PM local time on Tuesday, followed by additional eruptions on Wednesday. The Indonesian volcanology agency has raised concerns that a collapse of part of the volcano into the sea might trigger a tsunami, similar to a historical event in 1871. This potential threat has placed Tagulandang Island, situated northeast of the volcano, in a particularly vulnerable position, leading to evacuation orders for its residents. The government has escalated the alert status of Mount Ruang to four, the highest on the scale.

Evacuation and Precautions

Following the eruptions, the exclusion zone around Mount Ruang’s crater was expanded from 4km to 6km. Fortunately, there have been no casualties reported, though over 800 people from two villages on Ruang Island have been evacuated. These individuals were moved to Tagulandang Island, roughly 60 miles north of Manado, the provincial capital. Plans are in place to relocate the evacuees to Manado on Sulawesi Island, requiring a six-hour boat trip.

Historical Context and Preventative Measures

The 2018 eruption of the Anak Krakatau volcano in Indonesia serves as a recent reminder of the risks posed by volcanic activity. That eruption resulted in a deadly tsunami affecting the coasts of Sumatra and Java, which claimed 430 lives. Incidents like these highlight the critical importance of robust early warning systems and effective emergency preparedness for protecting communities in these hazardous regions.

The recent eruptions of Mount Ruang have led to serious concerns over the possibility of a tsunami in North Sulawesi, prompting extensive evacuations and safety measures. Keeping informed about volcanic activity and understanding disaster preparedness are essential for residents in areas prone to such natural events.

Mount Batur volcano at Bali, Indonesia

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Mount Ruang Eruption and Tsunami Alert

1. What caused the tsunami warning in North Sulawesi?

The recent eruptions of Mount Ruang have heightened fears of a potential tsunami. This concern arises from the possibility that part of the volcano could collapse into the sea during an eruption, displacing water and triggering a tsunami. This phenomenon is similar to what occurred in the 1871 eruption and more recently with the 2018 Anak Krakatau eruption.

2. How many times has Mount Ruang erupted recently?

Mount Ruang erupted five times in total this week: once on Tuesday night at 9:45 PM local time, and four times throughout Wednesday. These eruptions have been significant, each spewing large volumes of ash and smoke into the air.

3. What areas are affected by the evacuation orders?

The immediate evacuation orders cover two villages on Ruang Island, which are being evacuated to Tagulandang Island. Tagulandang itself, being close to Mount Ruang and directly northeast of it, is also at risk. Authorities have placed these areas, plus a 6km exclusion zone around the volcano’s crater, under strict observation and restricted access.

4. What measures are authorities taking to protect residents?

Authorities have raised the alert level of Mount Ruang to four, the highest possible, which indicates imminent danger. In response, they have expanded the exclusion zone around the volcano from 4km to 6km. Over 800 residents have been evacuated to safer areas, with further relocations to Manado planned, involving a six-hour journey by boat. These actions are part of a broader strategy to mitigate risks and ensure public safety.

5. What should residents do to stay safe?

Residents in the affected areas should follow all evacuation orders and stay informed through official channels for updates on the volcano’s activity. They are advised to prepare emergency kits, establish communication plans with family members, and be ready to move to designated safe zones promptly. Acknowledging early warning systems and participating in community preparedness measures can significantly reduce the risks associated with volcanic eruptions and potential tsunamis.

Stay informed about the situation regarding Mount Ruang to ensure safety and preparedness for any further developments.

Sources The Guardian